Effects of TMJ Disorder on Oral Health: Teeth and Gums

Effects of TMJ Disorder on Oral Health: Teeth and Gums

Effects of TMJ Disorder on Oral Health: Teeth and Gums

Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ) disorder is not only painful; it is a complex condition rife with fundamentally unfavorable consequences for the quality of one’s oral health. This article attempts to explore the complex relationship between TMJ disorder and its ramifications for teeth as well as gums. It sheds light on the multifaceted consequences that extend beyond the jaw joint.

  • Teeth Misalignment

A notable consequence of TMJ problem is that it can lead to misaligned teeth. An uneven bite caused by the imbalance in the jaw joint causes certain teeth to wear down more than others while leaving others intact. This misalignment leads to different dental problems, such as chipped or broken teeth. It will also go into how TMJ problem contributes to bruxism, which is the involuntary grinding of teeth that worsens tooth decay.

  • Gum Health Issues

Gum health is impacted by TMJ disorder in addition to teeth. Inappropriate pressures applied to the gums may cause recession and irritation. When you experience the symptoms of a TMJ disorder such as the repetitive strain on the surrounding tissues due to jaw pain, clicking sounds, or limited jaw movement can lead to gum inflammation. Gum inflammation, or gingivitis, is often a precursor to more serious gum diseases, such as periodontitis.

Moreover, because exposed tooth roots are present in the environment created by gum recession, bacteria might enter. The general integrity of the impacted teeth is compromised by bacteria’s ease of entry into the root surfaces, which causes cavities.

  • Altered Oral Habits

TMJ disorder leads to discomfort and pain, which in turn causes an individual to alter their oral habits unconsciously. Chewing patterns change and excess muscle demands can cumulatively strain TMJ stiffness when using one side of the mouth more than the other. In addition, the habit of teeth clenching or grinding as a reaction to stress or uneasiness results in deleterious consequences on overall oral health.

  • Multidisciplinary Approach to Management

In ensuring best practices in managing the impact of TMJ disorder on oral health, knowledge of comprehensive and multidisciplinary approaches is required. The efforts to accurately diagnose and properly manage TMJ-related problems are dependent on the active involvement of both dentists and oral healthcare specialists. Fixed and customized dental appliances are integral to this intervention, as are orthodontic treatments and lifestyle modifications. Moreover, dealing with the underlying causes and contributing factors such as stress management approaches, for example besides drug therapies that also target pain is of great importance in reducing the negative influence of clenching on oral health.


TMJ disorder has a significant effect on dental health, influencing the gums and teeth. Comprehending and handling the repercussions of dental wear and misalignment, gum irritation, and disease is crucial. In addition to lifestyle changes, preventative dental care provided by oral health professionals can lessen the symptoms of TMJ disorders and maintain general oral health.

If you think you or a loved one may have TMJ, call Time To Smile at (310) 401-1614 to schedule a consultation with Dr. Sid Solomon. Together, you can discuss your symptoms and decide on the best course of action. Every single one of our TMJ surgeries and treatments has been approved by the American Dental Association. To ascertain the patient’s optimal bite, we employ surface electromyography (SEMG), computer mandibular scanning (CMS), and sonography with K7 technology.